Posts Tagged ‘interesting facts’

29.02.2012 Post in Trading
Charles Henry Dow

The history of the index began in the XIX century. It was implemented in 1896. At that time there were only few instruments for analysis and description of the processes that took place at the stock market. Therefore, a question concerning the elaboration of these instruments became more and more urgent. The evaluation method of market trends proposed by Dow and Jones became the real innovation and significantly simplified the life of most businessmen. Firstly, index took into account 11 large US companies (9 of them were railroad companies). It was calculated as simple average of their stocks value. Despite the fact that more than 100 years have passed and accounting method has undergone significant changes, the Dow Jones index remains an important benchmark for global investors even now. Today it includes over 30 leading American companies.

Edward Jones
Edward Jones

Charles Dow (1851 –1902) and Edward Jones (1856–1920) were friends and companions. Both of them were gifted as journalists and businessmen. Together they worked in the sphere of financial news. In 1882 Dow and Jones started their own business in New York. Their office was located in the basement of the confectioner’s shop where they began publishing the small financial news bulletin under the title Customer’s Afternoon Letter. This bulletin became popular very soon; the number of printed copies was increasing; investors appreciated the benefits of the given information, though at that time this information could be defined as insider.

In 1889 the partners published the comprehensive edition of The Wall Street Journal created for financial and commercial circles. It was focused on providing the breaking and reliable news. The Wall Street Journal is that very edition which has been publishing the Dow Jones index since 1896. The edition is still considered as confident and today the number of printed copies exceeds 2 million. For a long time the newspaper did not have a real counterpart. The contemporary counterpart of the WSJ is famous Financial Times of London.

the_wall_street_journalIn fact, there are some other Dow Jones indices (transportation index, utility index, composite index, etc.) that characterize the different economic fields. But only the industrial index is considered as the most popular serving as a barometer of the stock market. This index is fundamental for institutional and private investors. And this is quite reasonable, as the 100-year practice confirmed that this function is accomplished properly. The index comprises the mature and reliable companies with 1/5 of the market value of all American stocks.

Dow Jones index was appreciated not only as an impartial indicator of the US stock exchange market, but also as one of the country’s economy in general.

Added by Kristina Leshkevich,
InstaForex Clients’ relationship manager

14.02.2012 Post in Trading

elliottRalf Nelson Elliott is an American accountant. He was born in 1871. From the age of 20 he worked in executive positions for railroad companies in Mexico. Later he entered the accounting field and was known as a qualified economist. Elliott took part in international government projects, was appreciated as auditor and consultant. He published several books on business organization, economic and social issues. In 1927 Elliott started successful consulting business.

Unfortunately, by 1929 malignant anemia had left him bedridden. Nevertheless, Elliot remained a man of action and creativity and therefore continued his work despite the serious illness. His studies were focused on stock market. Elliot was influenced by works of Charles Dow and Robert Rhea. Having investigated the equity market, he discovered new unknown patterns of price movement. After the thorough analysis which took him several years, Elliott presented his conclusions to the financial world. When Elliot’s discoveries proved to be practically useful, his articles were published in popular magazines and newsletters. Elliot himself became an analyst whose opinion was considered by biggest investors.

In 1938 appeared the book “The Wave Principle” where he detailed the results of his studies and described his method. His next book entitled “Nature`s Law – The Secret of the Universe” was published in 1946.

We can say that Elliot continued the Dow’s theory of cycles, waves and ripples on ascending and descending market trends. He emphasized the fact that the activity of great mass of people results in price changes regulated by specific laws that can be traced in different fields. Elliot compares them to nature’s laws and gives the examples of the similar patterns in flora and fauna. He stated that crowd behavior has several psychological stages, whether this is a slave rebellion or stock exchange trading. The development of both can be traced on different timeframes (from minutes to centuries). The author describes the peculiarities and signs of changeability for different phases and in what way it is possible to take an advantage of it.

According to the wave principle each market event can be considered as an effect and cause of important information. This interconnection can be explained by social nature of humans. Therefore, this process generates the repeating figures.

volnaAccording to Elliot, waves are the models of directed motion. Each wave has one of two possible functions: action or reaction. Particularly, each wave can stimulate the development of the upper wave or interrupt it. The relative direction of a wave defines its function. As a rule, waves are interchanged according to their length: long-short etc. Each wave can be divided into several short waves. Therefore waves are fractal, i.e. on the same part of the chart we can observe waves of different scale, depending on the timeframe.

We can come to a conclusion that Ralf Nelson Elliot was some sort of romantic scientist, partly philosopher, partly naturalist. His theories are still used by traders, though some of them accuse Elliott in cheating.

Classical wave analysis is quite complicated but the examination of its underlying concepts can be useful to forecast price movements and levels.

Added by Tatyana Makhina,
InstaForex Clients’ relationship manager