Posts Tagged ‘forex’

05.01.2011 Post in Trading

Trading system structure

When developing a trading system a trader should focus on market behavior and market movement in particular. For this purpose we need to understand inner organization and life cycle of trend. Trader’s behavior and, as a result, price movement should be taken into consideration. Based on this, we can make a conclusion that markets consist of three trends. The first trend, the most continuous one, can last for several months and should be used to determine market direction for opening positions. The second trend is correction lasting for several days and determined by more sensitive indicators. The third market movement looks like a sideways trend between correction and main trend extension. This is the shortest trend continuing for one or two days. However, in this case the main trend will not be followed by correction, but by a new opposite trend. When looking for a point of entrance to the market, two or three trend indicators should give a sign to open a position. As to closing the position, an oscillator and a trend indicator should be used.

How to open a position

First, the system uses a less sensitive indicator with larger order to determine the major market direction. After the direction of the market in medium term is defined, the next target is to find a medium-term indicator giving signals within a long-term trend. Such signals usually appear after the correction of the major trend is over. Another series of signals will be required because the first intermediate signal of the medium-term trend will appear before the long-term indicator will allow the system to trade in this direction. In this case a trader should mind strict sequence of signals from indicators of various sensitivity. According to this sequence signals should appear in the following order: short-term, medium-term and long-term. As soon as the trend is defined, first intermediate and short-term signals will have already appeared, and receiving of repeated intermediate and short-term signals for several times within a long-term trend will be prior for the system.

There are lots of intermediate indicators including single and double moving averages, channel breakouts etc. The system usually does not allow for each of them, but rather uses them in the aggregate. As a result, the system is based on a combination of indicators, which can contradict with each other at worst. In such situation a trader should choose an indicator most suitable for him/her.

A position is opened by a market process activation followed by an intermediate signal. There is also certain choice of starting mechanism.

How to close a position

After determining the rules of opening a position it is essential to learn how to close it. However, this is an open question for most traders. The main trader’s target is to clearly define the end of the major trend or the beginning of the correction. Besides, a trader should gain control over him/herself when getting small profit or loss.

It is important to remember positions opened with the help of a signal are not always profitable since trend indicators can be mistaken. For this purpose a trades needs a stop signal that will determine the moment for the system to close a position. Stop signals are used to prevent a trader from money loss. Each experienced trader uses stop signals; those traders disregarding stop loss are condemned to failure, which is only a matter of time.

When trading goes in the estimated direction a trader should choose between getting quick but sure profit and further trading with hopes of larger profit. What should one do in this situation? One option supposes using trailing stop signals, another one suggests taking advantage of oscillators capable of predicting corrections and reversals of the trend.

How to use stop signals.

There are five types of the most popular stop signals:

1. Max stop loss. This signal is executed when the appointed share of initial funds or a fixed amount in an open position is lost.

2.  Trailing stop. When using this signal the position is closed when an appointed amount of current profit is lost; i.e. the stop signal follows the market and when the profit decreases by a certain amount all positions are closed automatically.

3. Profit target stop. This stop signal closes the position if certain predetermined profit is achieved.

4. Breakeven stop. This signal allows a trader to determine current profit level; when the market exceeds this level the price of opening the position appears a stop signal for exit. This is a way of insuring funds.

5. Inactivity stop. This signal is activated when the market cannot provide certain profit for the open position during a predetermined period of time.

In addition to the type of stop signal a trader should choose the size of the signal. Stop signals are divided into two categories: close and distant. Ideally, a stop loss should be located far enough to barely transcend accidental price movements, and close enough for convenient control over trading risks.

Proper use of oscillators and trend indicators

It is well known that trend indicators follow the market tendency. The very organization of indicators implies that they show past price dynamics; they indicate the beginning of a new trend only after it has already appeared, but do not predict it. This means that some time will be lost and the trend might change during this time, which can move the price in the undesirable direction. If a stop loss was not set, a trader would lose a part of profit.

In this case oscillators following a trend can be helpful. Unlike trend indicators, oscillators can be effectively used when there is no major trend and the market dynamics is limited by a quite narrow horizontal price corridor.

However, identification of market corridor limits is not the only function of oscillators. Combined with the analysis of price graphs while prevalence of a certain tendency, oscillators can predict short critical periods in the market activity called overbought or oversold market.

What requirements should be set when developing a trading system?

One of the major factors that should be taken into consideration is investment of psychological and financial resources. First, the ability of a trader to control his/her behavior and emotions has significant influence on the successfulness of trading and frequency of traded deals. A trading system employed by a trader does not become an independent program after a start; its work can be interrupted anytime at the trader’s will. Thus, the trading system must suit the temper of the trader using it.

Added by Anna Shubina ,
InstaForex Clients’ relationship manager

16.12.2010 Post in Trading

Each Forex trader should track the dynamics of the US dollar rate and estimate its behavior against other currencies. Successful USD trading can be organized by using graphic models, observing fundamental factors and paying attention to the market sentiment.

When trading the dollar it is necessary to mind the current US economy state. It is natural that a stable economy attracts investments, creates the atmosphere of confidence and safety, and ensures capital inflows, which allows compensating the trade deficit.

The US economy is experiencing a trade deficit caused by the import prevailing over the export. However, advancing economic indicators of the country seem quite attractive for foreign investments, which provides a good opportunity to recoup for the trade deficit.

Let us consider the factors affecting the dollar value:

Demand and supply. According to the indicators, import exceeds export; therefore, the demand for the US currency on the international market is not supposed grow day by day. Then the government and major corporations start to issue bonds. They are bought by foreigners, which results in growing demand for the US dollar and the appreciation of its value. Foreign interest in the dollar has been increasing due to the economic growth and improving incomes of the US companies. Market psychology also influences the dollar value. For instance, rising jobless rate and other negative factors tends to provoke bonds and shares selling. This is how money is taken out of the dollar sphere and converted back to foreign currencies, which determines the decrease of the dollar value.

Besides, technical factors should be taken into account. The most essential of them are news and statistical data related to the economies of the countries. They can help determine short-term and even long-term market trends. Sometimes psychological factors and sentiments can dominate over economic indicators. In this case it would be wise to draw analogies to the market behavior under similar circumstances. Please, keep in mind that a certain situation can always reoccur on the market.

Each trader develops a trading strategy in accordance with his/her psychological type. A trader is guided by his/her personal considerations when making a decision to buy or sell the dollar. The best decision will be the one supported by several different factors. Proper allocation of priorities and adequate estimation of market processes will lead you to the successful trading.

Added by Tatyana Makhina,
InstaForex Clients’ relationship manager

08.12.2010 Post in Trading

Using the programming language by a trader brings him to a completely new trading level – autotrading. Today a trader has an opportunity to realize his ideas by means of application program – write an user-specific indicator, script for implementing one-time operations or create an advisor – automatic trading system. The advisor can work 24 hours without any outside interference – monitor all changes of financial instruments price, send e-mail messages, sms-messages to a mobile phone and make many other useful things.
This Forex instrument certainly attracts experienced traders and stimulates their success on Forex market. For the newcomers MQL programming language is some kind of a guide into Forex market, where certain streams are manageable.
The main advantage of applicable programs is an opportunity to carry out trading operations according to the algorithm set by a trader at his own discretion. Any ideas which can be expressed in the algorithm language can be inserted into the program and used in a practical trading afterwards.
Application programs composition for MetaTrader 4 trading terminal requires knowledge of MQL4 language allowing to create advisors, scripts and indicators by yourself bringing your ideas to life – profitable trading algorithms.
Using MQL programming language you can create:
• Scripts – sequences of commands, programs which are implemented only once on your demand. They can replace actions made by you daily during the trading.
• User indicators – technical indicators written as an addition to the indicators inserted in the terminal. They display graphs or any other visual information. In distinct from scripts they perform at each price changing.
• Advisors – mechanical trading systems attached to any financial instrument. Advisors as well as user indicators perform at each price changing.
• Libraries – set of functions for executing specific tasks.
If you want to become familiar with the programming language you have to spend quite much time for this purpose. The better you get wise to the whole received material the easier it will be for you to start trading with an automatic trading system.

Added by InstaForex Staff

01.12.2010 Post in Trading

The international foreign exchange market is increasingly popular mainly due to the fact that it is easily accessible:  to enter the market all you need to have is a computer connected to the Internet. Trading on this market does not require substantial funds and the very trading process can be run automatically with the help of advisors and almost no actions are necessary from the trader.

Beginners tend to lack essential skills and experience in Forex trading, so it takes time for them to start trading on their own. This is the reason for about 70% traders employing automated trading, forex advisors in other words. It helps them to prevent emotions such as panic or anxiety from affecting a trading process. All advisors are developed on the basis of many years’ experience of successful traders and professional analysts. But even though automated trading programmes fail to ensure 100% profit,  they enable you to start trading with no particular knowledge in this field.

Any forex advisor is  a mechanical trading system (MTS). Such systems function in compliance with a certain algorithm. All forex advisors are aimed at successful dealing. You can find Forex advisors and download them at any forex website. Yet, please, keep in mind, that not all of them are equally helpful.

Forex advisors have been employed by many traders for rather a long time. Each year there are increasingly more programmes of such kind, many of them are updated which boosts their practicality. Trading with modern advisors not only helps to derive profit, but also brings Forex closer to you and provides you with deeper knowledge of its basic principles, improves your skills and experience indispensable for successful trading.

Most advisors offered by forex companies do not require any special skills to start working with them.  Basically, all you need to do is downloading, installing and adjusting them. Once you did it you can begin to trade and be sure it will not take long to have visible results.

As a rule, such an automated trading system is offered free of any charge with a detailed description of its functions attached, which sometimes does not coincide with their actual capacities. So, it is not recommended to make these the basis of your trading. Experienced traders with profound knowledge of all strategies prefer trading on their own, guessing currency trends within some little time periods.

Added by Dmitry Antipov,
InstaForex Clients’ relationship manager

10.11.2010 Post in Trading

The majority of totally green on Forex traders start their market experience with intraday or short-term trading.  Which can be easily explained, as there is no need in possessing a substantial initial capital for such type of currency market operating; in addition, a trader has a possibility to test the trading methods that he or she has chosen for working.

Basically, the structure of price movement is nearly identical on five-minute and on four-hour charts. Irrespective of the chart, there always emerges a market pattern with the impulsive correctional waves. In order to estimate the efficiency of the developed trading strategy, it will be more comfortable for a market player to analyze it on short time intervals. However, one should keep in mind certain features of short-term trade.

  • Macroeconomic news and speeches of high-ranking officials and politicians. A trader must consider these facts. Right after releases of key news, there emerge fluctuations. It extremely difficult to forecast climbing or falling. Though a trader that is working with a short-term chart should predict a possible price advance before the news release. The best way out is waiting for the news publication, of course, if there are no open positions on the account. If the deals bring profit, one should fix it, and the positions with losses need setting up the stop-losses.
  • A trader should make allowance for the trading session as well. Four trading sessions are known: the Pacific, the European, the Asian and the American. As the market is functioning 24 hours a day, one is able to conduct deals at any time in a 24-hour period. Nevertheless, during the night there can be either strong wobbles or, on the contrary, trading is slack. Consequently, it is essential to choose carefully the time of trading and the currency to work with.
  • Besides, the choice of the day for trading is also very significant. Here Monday and Friday perform the main role. On Monday, the trading week opens with gaps, in particular, if important events took place during the weekend. And at the beginning of the week traders start to observe the situation on the market. Friday, on the other hand, facilitates sharp price jumps. It is caused only by a trading session coming to an end. The majority of traders do not leave open the positions through the weekend, thus, by closing the deals they raise the price dynamics.

These are the general traits of short-term trading.

The interview was obtained by Anna Shubina ,
InstaForex Clients’ relationship manager