Archive for the ‘Trading’ Category

Cynthia Kase

Wednesday, February 23rd, 2011

Further to our topic dedicated to successful women traders we would like to present the story of Cynthia Kase.

Cynthia Kase got acquainted with trading in August 1983 when she had to undergo a training program in the trading department of the company she was working in. It happened the same year when a contract for crude oil became available. Cynthia persuaded the company to install a compute in the trading room. Cynthia was experienced in computer technologies due to her technical education.

The first and the most important thing about trading realized by Cynthia was that in order to succeed on the market on should act separately from the crowd. Cynthia said several times: “You cannot listen to everybody. I think it is important to be focused, have enough sleep, stay calm and everything will fall into place. It is wrong to always be worried.”

At the moment Kase considers herself an absolutely technical trader, despite the fact that she has been a technical trader since 1985. Further Cynthia Kase starts to develop her own technical indicators that she offers to her clients. At present she is trading for herself and consulting about thirty corporate clients. Kase has developed and indicator – PeakOscilltor – that can use cross-comparison of markets and Dev-Stop – a technology of setting stop orders in accordance with market volatility. Kase has published three articles in Futures Magazine, where she described the technical indicators in details.

Since the first day on the market Kase has not employed intraday trading. Her average deal lasts for 3-10 days. Cynthia Kase prefers energy markets, at the same time she highlights that her technical indicators are suitable for all markets. She also favours physical futures over financial ones, since futures depend on unconditioned and political factors.

Besides, Cynthia Kase says that “There are three most important things. First, you should not listen to someone else’s advice. Second, there is no easy way. You cannot find the Holy Grail. Diligent work and persistence make a successful trader. And third, this should bring pleasure.”

Added by Alexandr Petryanin,
InstaForex Clients’ relationship manager

Stories of Successful Female Traders

Thursday, February 17th, 2011

Prior to the International Women’s Day we will tell you about successful female traders who reached success on the financial markets and earned fame.

The first one in our list of successful women – Lora Pederson.

Laura Pedersen – trading genius

Laura came to Wall Street at the age of 17. Her age did not allow to take part in “adult” games. However, she made an agreement with her employer that she would be a non-staff worker. But she started playing. At 24 years old she managed to earn 1,5 million dollars.

Being young Lora was selling tomatoes at her mother’s farm, in that period a remarkable business talent was disclosed. Later she started playing poker quite well, put money on a horse and never made a mistake. At 10 she asked to present her the shares of Coca-Cola Company. At the age of 14 Laura went to New York on excursion to the American Stock Exchange. She left study at the Michigan University in the first year, as she did not see any practical benefit in getting the higher education.

Since 1984 Laura started working as a clerk earning just a small amount of money. The point of her job was in replacing the traders who were going on vacation. She learned fast to participate in virtual wrangles. Her parents were violent opponents of their daughter’s activity, but for 4 years work at the company she made her employers richer by 5 billion dollars. Even in the period of a total downturn she managed to gain 100 million dollars.

However, her career finished as precipitately as it started. The doctors found a serious disease recommending her to leave the job.

Later she wrote a book “Play Money”. Her book has become a triumphal epitaph of live trading craft left in order to please the omnivorous technological monster of electronic commerce.

Added by Anna Shubina ,
InstaForex Clients’ relationship manager

Trading tactics

Thursday, January 20th, 2011

When analyzing the market a trader should decide whether he wants to trade up or down. Besides, the amount of money invested in the deal should be defined. Finally a trader should choose between buying and selling of a contract.
Importance of determining the precise moment to enter or exit the market makes this part of margin trading the most complicated. The decision on the moment of market entry must be based on the combination of technical factors, money management and order type.
The process of determining the moment for entry or exit is characterized by short term and measured not by weeks and months, but by hours and even minutes. But in all cases the same technical tools are used. Major principles of such analysis are listed below.
1. Tactics based on Price Breaks.
There are three ways of trading with the help of price breaks:
closing the position in advance;
opening a position when the break is in progress;
waiting for a rollback after break.
Each approach has many advantages and disadvantages; therefore sometimes a combined approach is used. When working with several lots, a trader can open one position at each of the three stages. Besides, a trader might open a small position before the estimated break, and then open additional positions at an insignificant price decline during correction that follows the break.
2. Trendline Cross
This signal allows a trader to enter the market or to leave it soon enough, especially when a significant and reliable trendline has been crossed. Of course, other technical factors should be also taken into consideration.
3. Support/Resistance Levels
A break of the support level can be a signal to open a long position. The stop loss signal can be placed below the nearest support level or below the break level directly, which will perform a supporting function in this case.
Price decline to the support level during an uptrend and advance to the resistance level during a downtrend can be used to open new positions and add lots to already opened profitable ones. When setting stop loss signal, it is important to take support/resistance levels into account.
4. Gaps
Price gaps formed on bar charts can also be used to choose the proper moment to open or close positions. The stop loss can be placed below the gap. During downtrend a short position should be opened when prices reach the lower border of the gap. The stop signal must be placed above the gap in this case.

5. Averaging
Averaging is a trading strategy employed when a trader has made a mistake or opened a trade and the price has moved against him/her. In this case a trader performs a new operation of the same type but at a more profitable price. However, averaging has a drawback – no one knows beforehand to what price the market will go against the trader. And the averaging demands to each time invest a double amount of the money invested before.
6. Scalping
Another trading strategy, scalping, is usually employed by trader working with very short terms – one minute or five minutes. If the price goes up the trader buys, in case of the reversal he/she sells. As a rule, the trader performs about 15-20 deals a day.
The drawback of this tactics is that the trader should always watch the market and cannot divert his/her attention from the charts.
We have described the most popular and well-known trading tactics, but the choice is always up to the trader. Maybe you will choose a strategy and switch to a more suitable later on.

Added by Alexandr Petryanin,
InstaForex Clients’ relationship manager

How to develop a trading system

Wednesday, January 5th, 2011

Trading system structure

When developing a trading system a trader should focus on market behavior and market movement in particular. For this purpose we need to understand inner organization and life cycle of trend. Trader’s behavior and, as a result, price movement should be taken into consideration. Based on this, we can make a conclusion that markets consist of three trends. The first trend, the most continuous one, can last for several months and should be used to determine market direction for opening positions. The second trend is correction lasting for several days and determined by more sensitive indicators. The third market movement looks like a sideways trend between correction and main trend extension. This is the shortest trend continuing for one or two days. However, in this case the main trend will not be followed by correction, but by a new opposite trend. When looking for a point of entrance to the market, two or three trend indicators should give a sign to open a position. As to closing the position, an oscillator and a trend indicator should be used.

How to open a position

First, the system uses a less sensitive indicator with larger order to determine the major market direction. After the direction of the market in medium term is defined, the next target is to find a medium-term indicator giving signals within a long-term trend. Such signals usually appear after the correction of the major trend is over. Another series of signals will be required because the first intermediate signal of the medium-term trend will appear before the long-term indicator will allow the system to trade in this direction. In this case a trader should mind strict sequence of signals from indicators of various sensitivity. According to this sequence signals should appear in the following order: short-term, medium-term and long-term. As soon as the trend is defined, first intermediate and short-term signals will have already appeared, and receiving of repeated intermediate and short-term signals for several times within a long-term trend will be prior for the system.

There are lots of intermediate indicators including single and double moving averages, channel breakouts etc. The system usually does not allow for each of them, but rather uses them in the aggregate. As a result, the system is based on a combination of indicators, which can contradict with each other at worst. In such situation a trader should choose an indicator most suitable for him/her.

A position is opened by a market process activation followed by an intermediate signal. There is also certain choice of starting mechanism.

How to close a position

After determining the rules of opening a position it is essential to learn how to close it. However, this is an open question for most traders. The main trader’s target is to clearly define the end of the major trend or the beginning of the correction. Besides, a trader should gain control over him/herself when getting small profit or loss.

It is important to remember positions opened with the help of a signal are not always profitable since trend indicators can be mistaken. For this purpose a trades needs a stop signal that will determine the moment for the system to close a position. Stop signals are used to prevent a trader from money loss. Each experienced trader uses stop signals; those traders disregarding stop loss are condemned to failure, which is only a matter of time.

When trading goes in the estimated direction a trader should choose between getting quick but sure profit and further trading with hopes of larger profit. What should one do in this situation? One option supposes using trailing stop signals, another one suggests taking advantage of oscillators capable of predicting corrections and reversals of the trend.

How to use stop signals.

There are five types of the most popular stop signals:

1. Max stop loss. This signal is executed when the appointed share of initial funds or a fixed amount in an open position is lost.

2.  Trailing stop. When using this signal the position is closed when an appointed amount of current profit is lost; i.e. the stop signal follows the market and when the profit decreases by a certain amount all positions are closed automatically.

3. Profit target stop. This stop signal closes the position if certain predetermined profit is achieved.

4. Breakeven stop. This signal allows a trader to determine current profit level; when the market exceeds this level the price of opening the position appears a stop signal for exit. This is a way of insuring funds.

5. Inactivity stop. This signal is activated when the market cannot provide certain profit for the open position during a predetermined period of time.

In addition to the type of stop signal a trader should choose the size of the signal. Stop signals are divided into two categories: close and distant. Ideally, a stop loss should be located far enough to barely transcend accidental price movements, and close enough for convenient control over trading risks.

Proper use of oscillators and trend indicators

It is well known that trend indicators follow the market tendency. The very organization of indicators implies that they show past price dynamics; they indicate the beginning of a new trend only after it has already appeared, but do not predict it. This means that some time will be lost and the trend might change during this time, which can move the price in the undesirable direction. If a stop loss was not set, a trader would lose a part of profit.

In this case oscillators following a trend can be helpful. Unlike trend indicators, oscillators can be effectively used when there is no major trend and the market dynamics is limited by a quite narrow horizontal price corridor.

However, identification of market corridor limits is not the only function of oscillators. Combined with the analysis of price graphs while prevalence of a certain tendency, oscillators can predict short critical periods in the market activity called overbought or oversold market.

What requirements should be set when developing a trading system?

One of the major factors that should be taken into consideration is investment of psychological and financial resources. First, the ability of a trader to control his/her behavior and emotions has significant influence on the successfulness of trading and frequency of traded deals. A trading system employed by a trader does not become an independent program after a start; its work can be interrupted anytime at the trader’s will. Thus, the trading system must suit the temper of the trader using it.

Added by Anna Shubina ,
InstaForex Clients’ relationship manager